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Saturday, July 25, 2020 | History

2 edition of Treatment effects on attributional style in people on probation found in the catalog.

Treatment effects on attributional style in people on probation

William Raymond White

Treatment effects on attributional style in people on probation

by William Raymond White

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Published by University of Birmingham in Birmingham .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (Clin.Psy.D.) - University of Birmingham, School of Psychology.

Statementby William Raymond White.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21123526M

People who have an extremely negative attributional style, in which they continually make external, stable, and global attributions for their behavior, are said to be experiencing learned helplessness (Abramson, Seligman, & Teasdale, ; Seligman, ). Learned helplessness was first demonstrated in research that found that some dogs that. An attributional model of depression may be relevant to the prison population and could provide a valid insight into the development and treatment of depressive symptoms in prisoners.

The mediating effects of achievement motivation and attributional style and their associated 95% confidence intervals were displayed in Table 2. According to the results, perfectionism exerted its effect on subjective well-being through both the direct path and the indirect path via achievement motivation and attributional by: 8. The learned helplessness model and its various revisions suggest that causal attributions influence responses to events. This study examined relationships among the 3-factor symptom clusters of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) represented in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV; American Psychiatric Association, ) and the individual Cited by: 3.

Evaluating future dangerousness and need for treatment: The roles of expert testimony, attributional complexity, and victim type. Abstract In the current study, we explored the effect of risk. The present research demonstrates that the relationship between attributional style and academic performance varies according to academic ability and/or achievement context. In high‐achieving schools, students with a stable style of attribution for negative events outperform those with an unstable by:


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Treatment effects on attributional style in people on probation by William Raymond White Download PDF EPUB FB2

Probation offers some offenders the opportunity to stay in the community instead of serving time in prison. Since the beginning of community supervision inprobation has proven to be an effective method of rehabilitation, which often benefits offenders, victims and society alike.

However, some negative effects. Attributional style and academic performance. Research into the attribution–achievement relationship using the reformulated model of helplessness and depression reported that internal, stable, and global styles of attribution for negative events (also referred to as “pessimistic styles”) were associated with lower levels of academic achievement in children aged 8 to 11 years (Nolen Cited by: Introduction.

Attributional style refers to the characteristic ways in which individuals explain the causation of events. Studies have examined attribution to external versus internal causes, showing that healthy people have a self-serving bias, and tend to attribute negative events to external causes and attribute positive events to themselves.

1,2 Further, healthy people preferentially. Probation officers hold probationers accountable by ensuring financial restitution is paid to victims. They also work with local community groups to inform victims of the release of offenders and offer support to victims.

Probation officers refer probationers to treatment facilities and community programs and follow up to ensure attendance.

The present study investigated effects of two dimensions of relationship style (probation or parole agent–reported supportiveness and punitiveness) on female clients’ reports of responding to interactions with their agents with anxiety, reactance, and a Cited by: Conducted two studies to evaluate the efficacy of attributional retraining as a career-counseling technique for college students.

Results reveal that participants who received attributional retraining exhibited significant changes in career beliefs and attributional style, and engaged in significantly more career exploration behavior than the participants in the control by: Unsurprisingly, if we use a negative attributional style, we are more likely to try ineffective strategies to fix the situation.

What is an attributional style. Your attributional style is the way you explain a negative event to yourself. The way you think about why a bad thing has happened to you. Attributional Style in Adults This page has a listing of Dr.

Martin E.P. Seligman’s books and other publications on the topic of Attributional Style in adults. If you would like to see a complete listing of Dr. Seligman’s publications, please see his Curriculum Vitae. Attributional Style Effects This concept has had much relevance to the study of depression, with Abramson et al.

believing that those who showed a characteristic way of attributing negative outcomes – to internal, stable and global causes – would be likely to suffer depression when negative events happened to them. Results Effects of attribution retraining on attributional style In support of our first hypothesis, The Wilcoxon signed ranks test indicated significant differences between pretest and posttest attribution scores in the experimental group (Z =p ≤, r = Z/√n).

Attribution theory has had a big application in clinical psychology. Abramson, Seligman, and Teasdale developed a theory of the depressive attributional style, claiming that individuals who tend to attribute their failures to internal, stable and global factors are more vulnerable to clinical depression.

The paradox of probation model potentially provides a useful way to summarize this state-level variation. Focusing on the first outcome, diversion versus net-widening, we would expect that states that more often used probation as a form of supervision for prison-eligible cases would be less likely to show a positive (or net-widening) by: Formal, Post-Adjudication Juvenile Probation Services Juvenile probation is the supervision and monitoring of justice-involved youth in the community, rather than placement out of the home.

Youths on probation must comply with the terms and conditions of probation imposed by the court (Nieto, ). It is the most common juvenile courtFile Size: KB. Probation is a sentence handed down to offenders in lieu of jail time. While on probation, the offender is allowed to continue living in the community as long as he follows the terms and conditions outlined by the judge or the probation officer to which he is assigned.

Interactive effects of attributional styles for positive and negative events on psychological distress The results showed that people with negative attributional style (NAS) or tendency to explain negative situations through internal, stable, and global causes reported higher negative affect and lower positive affect.

The interaction of Cited by: the fact that people with an optimistic attribution style often feel good about themselves and their capacity for success. An obvious downside, however, is the fact that this personal optimism may be unfounded and can set the indi-vidual up for disappointments in the future.

A second attribution style, known as a pessimistic attribution style File Size: 1MB. Attributional style and psychopathology The association between attributional style and depressive symptoms [14–16], anxiety symp-toms [17], [18], hopelessness [19], suicidal ideation [20], [21], and PTSD [22] is supported in the literature.

In a forensic context, attributional style. In an eight-month quasi-experimental, randomized treatment field study, an attribution-based motivation treatment (attributional retraining: AR) was administered to student athletes (n = ) and. In this paper we review a series of recent investigations into cognitive abnormalities associated with persecutory delusions.

Studies indicate that persecutory delusions are associated with abnormal attention to threat-related stimuli, an explanatory bias towards attributing negative outcomes to external causes and biases in information processing relating to the self-concept.

Additional Resources Related to Attributional Styles. The Internet is a wonderful tool for accessing information on just about any topic.

It has been invaluable in helping us to identify what research has demonstrated to be strongly related to students’ academic achievement and well-being, and evidence-based practices that provide concrete examples of how to translate the research findings.

A THEORY OF PROBATION SUPERVISION CARL B. KLOCKARS, JR.* As the literature of probation demonstrates, a thoroughly eclectic discipline possesses an almost infinite capacity to generate the most diverse forms of theory. Probation students' published attentions to supervision include everything fromCited by:   Several weeks ago I took my four-year-old son camping in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness for the first time.

At home, when he sleeps, his body takes on the appearance of a wayward compass. The purpose of probation is to provide low-risk offenders the opportunity to pay their dues to society in lieu of incarceration. If an offender fails to comply with the conditions in the probation agreement, the judge may revoke the term of probation and impose the original sentence.